OUP user menu

Policies to promote healthy eating in Europe: a structured review of policies and their effectiveness

Sara Capacci , Mario Mazzocchi , Bhavani Shankar , José Brambila Macias , Wim Verbeke , Federico Ja Pérez-Cueto , Agnieszka Kozioł-Kozakowska , Beata Piórecka , Barbara Niedzwiedzka , Dina D'Addesa , Anna Saba , Aida Turrini , Jessica Aschemann-Witzel , Tino Bech-Larsen , Mathias Strand , Laura Smillie , Josephine Wills , W Bruce Traill
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1753-4887.2011.00442.x 188-200 First published online: 1 March 2012

Abstract

This review provides a classification of public policies to promote healthier eating as well as a structured mapping of existing measures in Europe. Complete coverage of alternative policy types was ensured by complementing the review with a selection of major interventions from outside Europe. Under the auspices of the Seventh Framework Programme's Eatwell Project, funded by the European Commission, researchers from five countries reviewed a representative selection of policy actions based on scientific papers, policy documents, grey literature, government websites, other policy reviews, and interviews with policy-makers. This work resulted in a list of 129 policy interventions, 121 of which were in Europe. For each type of policy, a critical review of its effectiveness was conducted, based on the evidence currently available. The results of this review indicate a need exists for a more systematic and accurate evaluation of government-level interventions as well as for a stronger focus on actual behavioral change rather than changes in attitude or intentions alone. The currently available evidence is very heterogeneous across policy types and is often incomplete.

  • behavior
  • fat tax
  • information
  • obesity
  • policy evaluation
  • public policy
View Full Text

Log in through your institution