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Building Bones in Babies: Can and Should We Exceed the Human Milk-Fed Infant's Rate of Bone Calcium Accretion?

Steven A. Abrams MD
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1753-4887.2006.tb00181.x 487-494 First published online: 1 November 2006


Increasing calcium absorption and bone calcium accretion to levels above those achieved by human milk-fed, full-term infants is possible with infant formulas. However, no data support such a goal or suggest that it is beneficial to short- or long-term bone health. Small differences in the bioavailability of calcium between infant formulas are unlikely to have long-term consequences. Long-term studies of the effects of infant feeding type on ultimate bone mass are needed. For now, the vitamin-replete breast-fed infant's rate of calcium accretion during the first year of life should be the standard targeted for infant formulas

  • bone mineral content
  • calcium absorption
  • human milk
  • minerals

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